Jim Corbett National Park : Flora and Fauna Alongwith Roaring Wildlife
If you love spotting tigers, or wildlfe, or birdings, have taste for forest, diverse varieties of fauna, environment and tourist adventure, lives or travelling near New Delhi, or Nainital, Jim Corbett National Park, in Uttrakhand could be your first love. One of the oldest national park, which was earlier known as Hailey Park was developed by the Government to help protect the endangered species of Bengal tigers, way back in the year 1936.
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Spread in more than 500 kilometers area, the Jim Corbett National Park is home to many slopes, little hills, riverettes, natural landscapes, grasslands and a beautiful lake. Dense forests consist of mango, saal, haldu and peepal dot the areas of the park and covers almost 70 per cent landAccording to an official estimate about 110 species of trees are available in the forest of the park. Ten per cent of the total land of the park is grassland. People have enumerated about 600 beautiful, local as well as exotic and diverse birds there, 50 species of mammals and 25 types of reptiles or snakes have been listed in the name of Park.
The major attraction of the park is Bengal tigers. The mythology and legendary important tiger have a population of about 7000 in the world over. Of these, about 4000 alone reside in India. A number of tigers are found in Jim Corbett National Park which serves as a controlled place for their upbringing. Tigers make prey to the deers, wild boars, even monkey, fish, reptiles etc. sometimes. They ocassionally attack small elephant in the park.
The Bengal tigers have considerable presence in the park, but it is not easy to spot them. The reason is the thick flora and fauna, as well as foliages found in the park, where the tigers spent their time leisurely. Dense forest, a flowing river and a lake, and availability of a lot of prey animals serves as a congenial place for them. Elephants roam in the forests in large group, say hundreds at a time, primarily in the month of summers.
Female tigers are found in the company of their cubs but due to their characteristic male tiger usually likes to live solitary life. They demarcate their boundaries and do not like to be disturbed. If someone violates the self proclaimed rule, it got punished by a severe attack. The system of demarcating boundaries is unique. They spray their urine and anal secretions on the trees, in the fields and treat this as a boundary. The other animals usually honour their demarcations, those who disobey face the chances of getting killed by the mighty tigers.
To protect the sanctity of the ecosystem for the park, tourism activities is not allowed in every part of Jim Corbett National Park. It is demarcated and some areas are kept out of bound for the tourists.
Species of eagles, parakeets, red jungle fowl, along-with other local and migratory birds make the park their transit home. Dragonflies and reptiles, some of them, very poisonous are also found here. The python found here is known to be able to give lethal blow to a huge cheetal.
The habitat of the park faces a threat not from the wild animals, nor from the greedy tourist activities. It is the exotic wild grass species which are causing harms to the national park. Lantana, Parthenium and cassana have found to be multiplying and invasing natural ecobalance of the area for which effort s were underway to contain the menace.
Jim Corbett National Park does have some added attraction in its fold. Corbett Falls in a 20 meters water fall in the vicnity. The sorrounding areas is full of tall trees allover and pin drop silence their adds beauty to the space. Dhikala Resthouse is the convenient place where one can see the magnificient and charming beauty of the natural creation. Kalagarh Dam has recently been developed near the sanctuary and encouraged by the water source, a number of exotic maigratory birds have chosen their vacation home to the place. Famous for its Kartik Poornima mela, Garijya Devi Temple is the most sacred place inside the Park. Situated on the bank of Kosi river, the huge temple is famous in terrains of Uttaranchal.
How to Reach
Jim Corbett National Park is easily accessible from New Delhi, Lucknow, Nainital, Moradabad, and other places either by train or by road.
It is 270 kms from New Delhi via Hapur-Gajraula-Moradabad-Kashipur and then Ramnagar (Corbett).
It is about 400 kms away from Lucknow towards Bareilly.
It is 70 kms from Nainital via Kaladhungi.
The nearest railway station is 12 kms. Ranikhet Express (5013) from Delhi depart at 10.45 PM and arrives at 5.00 AM at Ramnagar.
Nearest airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi.
Check out the Official Website of Jim Corbett National Park : http://corbettonline.uk.gov.in
The park emits blistering heat during summers and frozen winters in cold weathers. So, be prepare to take the season’s flurry.
Accommodation and Food
A lot of hotels, expensive resorts and budget resthouses can be get for overnight stays around jim Corbett National Park alongwith suitable meal plans. A number of travel planners arrange prior bookings to the place. It is better to have a comparative look before deciding the booking.
Do’s and Don’ts
- Take appropriate clothes and gears according to the weathers.
- Heavy woolens for winters and light cotton or hosiery dresses in summers are advisable.
- Rain dresses to protect from sudden rains are also necessary.
- Brown and green clour dresses mix well with the environment.
- Always use good quality walking shoes, instead of leather shoes or sandals etc.
- Carry binoculars, cameras alongwith extra batteries and memory cards etc.
- Take important but only the necessary stuffs to remain lightweight.
- Take stock of emergency medicines alongwith.
- Avoid use of perfumes but take insect repellants alongwith.
- Follow the rules laid down by the park authorities.
- Do not shout, or make noises or honk horn etc.
- Littering and use of plastic bags is a big NO there. Violation can attract penalties.
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