Humans have come up a long way from mere hunters to today’s hi-tech mankind where everything can be done just by the click of a button. All this has happened due to the scientific knowledge gained, logical thinking implied and the will to conquer everything, including nature. Mankind, though, is still unanswered in a lot of amazing and astonishing natural and paranormal things and activities. Sometimes these are termed as “Divine” and sometimes “Miracle”. It is sometimes the faith of people which works and that generosity is also termed as “Godly”. There are numerous example and stories around us which are actually puzzles as to what exactly can be the reason or explanation of these tales. One such true story is at Shivapur, 180 kms from east of Mumbai.
The Dargah of Qamar Ali Darvesh
It is believed that there is a miraculous stone at the Dargah of Qamar Ali Darvesh at Shivapur village, which levitates and glides in the air by defying gravity. The famous and divine Dargah of Qamar Ali Darvesh is visited by hundreds of devotee’s every day to witness the amazing phenomenon.
It is said that Qamar Ali as born in the middle-class family and was the youngest of the brothers and they were known for their muscle power. Unlike his elder brothers, Qamar Ali was gentle and self-contained and soon became the disciple of a Sufi Pir. Later he himself started getting disciples and was known for his magical powers and healings. At the time of his death, died in his late teens, he requested that a circular stone weighing around 90 kgs, be placed near his tomb.
If eleven person, excluding women, put the tip of their right index finger and raise the stone they will be able to lift it around two feet above their head. If the sequence or conditions are altered the stone cannot be moved more than two feet. He said the message of Allah that we all are brothers, he loves us all and we should love each other.
Message of Brotherhood
This message of brotherhood, fellowship, and companionship is still shown today when eleven persons from a different caste, creed, and social strata lift the circular stone with their right index finger they are able to raise it beyond their heads. They also have to raise it at the sound of “Qamar Ali Darvesh”. If at all you try any other permutation or combination the stone cannot be moved beyond two to three feet. Some call it a miracle, some call it the message of Allah and some call it the blessings of Qamar Ali Darvesh. Though there are people, especially scientists who gave their logical reasoning of the centre of mass and gravity defying laws but in front of the faith and belief of people nothing stands.
Whatever be the reason, one thing which is significantly valid here is the message of brotherhood which was taught centuries ago by the Sufi Saint and, still today, it holds the same.
Change is inevitable, as the legends say, but with time we must understand and carry along the good things with us in changing times and years. Mankind has evolved in every sector and the lifestyle has seen manifold changes, both good and bad. We have changed ourselves, our customs, our traditions and things around us have changed accordingly. It is, though, important to save the traditional things and pass it on to the next generation to keep them alive. Also, it is the responsibility and duty of the coming generations to accept it and keep it alive.
Uru – The Fat Handmade Trading Boat
An Uru typically is a large vessel, in appearance, made up of primarily high-quality teak wood and needs skillfully mastered professional hands to build them.
The construction needs a team of minimum fifty craftsmen and at least three to four years for completion. It is the prolific talent of the craftsmen that they do not need any blueprint all the while during the construction. The blueprint is there in their minds, their dedication, and their focus on the job is what makes them going.
Boats for Trading
One of the things which were used since ancient times – Boats for Trading. Chinese, Japanese, Arabs, Persians and Europeans used to travel through the sea routes for Trading. Arabs traced the Indian subcontinent and landed on the shores of Kerala for Spices.
They slowly came to know that the forests also have good quality Timber that can be used for the construction of what they called – “Dhows” or the “Urus” as they are named in the Malabar regions of Kerala. They started ordering for the manufacturing of these “Fat Wooden Boats” to be used as vessels for trading. And the rest is a history, which is still carried forward though not at a large scale as it used to be.
Beypore Ship Building Industry
These craftsmen are from, a place which is around 10 kms from the south of Kozhikode town near the Chaliyar River in Kerala, Beypore. Beypore was once a trading center where the Chinese, the Japanese and the Arabs used to visit and trade. The port has 1500 years of history of making “Urus”. It is the talent of these craftsmen that this place once underwent through a huge demand for the Uru. It is only with the invention of Iron and Steel that the demand from Western Asia for these ships fell.
Though the need for the Urus has gone down drastically since then, but the craftsmen still keep the art alive by making small model or prototype of the Urus. They even sometimes make them on a customized order as well. The majestic and the dynamic Urus once surging the Seas must not die just like that and the craftsmen should pass on the art to the next generation and at the same time the coming generation must learn to carry the pride of this Art of – “Making Handmade Cargo Ships”!
India is known for its diversity in culture, tradition, people and also food. The north it south, from east to west the foods change with every mile and people relish food like anything. In all types of traditional Indian food, one thing is common – the Indian bread. In spite of this item being common, it has its peculiarity in its shape, size, taste, and texture. It also has a different name in different parts of the country like – Roti, Paratha, chapatti, dosa, pitey etc. But there is a unique Paratha in the state of Haryana which is not only different in its shape, size and taste but also has a reward on it. Strange, never heard about such thing, let’s find out.
Tapasya Paratha Junction, Rohtak
Situated at the Delhi-Rohtak Highway the local restaurant has its regular and visiting clients in huge numbers. This food junction is famous for its huge Paratha – 1.5 feet in diameter, which is the trademark of this place.
Customers with loyalty ranging from few months to five to six years visit to eat one of the fifty varieties of “Tapasya Paratha”. The owner Mr. Mukesh Ghelawat says that this special Paratha is made with a lot of skill and dedication and a lot of preparation goes into making it.
The Jumbo Paratha
The junction daily prepares around 150 such Paratha and it takes around 50 – 60 kgs of flour, 50-60 kgs of potato, 40- 50 kgs of Onion and 2-3 kgs of dry fruits per day. The Paratha is 18 inches in diameter and weighs around 1 kg that is almost equal to four to five regular sized Paratha.
It’s not easy to prepare one as you need practice, especially when you prepare a stuffed one, if not managed properly the stuffing can come out. The “Tawa” on which it is prepared is huge, almost the size equal to five Tawas. There are five such “Tawa” in their Kitchen.
The Paratha eating Challenge
The challenge is anyone eating 3 such Paratha in 50 minutes gets a life insurance of Rs.1 lakh and free Paratha for a lifetime. Countless people have tried fighting the challenge but have failed either eating one or even half of the Paratha. It is so huge that you need a group of four to five adults to finish one. But surprisingly there are two winners of the challenge – Mr.Ashwini Kumar weighing 90 kg himself, who finished eating three such Paratha in 40 minutes and Mr. Maharaj, finished eating four Paratha in 50 minutes. Few famous Parathas of this junction are – Aloo pyaaz ka Paratha, Aloo Gobhi pyaaz Paratha, Paneer Paratha, pyaaz paneer Paratha and Gobhi paneer Paratha.
The name fame and challenge can tempt anyone but the fun of visiting with your friends and then tasting one can be fun filled. Biggest Paratha in India needs to be visited at least once in your lifetime. This small food joint has definitely managed to attract people with its not so small Paratha.
Humans since ages have been exploring things and acts where he gets enjoyment, entertainment, recreation, amusement, and pastime. He has invented “Games” as that thing. Games are where he gets all the above-mentioned things in addition to physical exercise, mental alertness, and social togetherness. It also gives him the sense of challenge, sense of competition, sense of strategizing and sense of Team. It enhances the speed- both physical and mental, agility and the focus on “GOAL”. Even the term, goal, is used in few games like football, hockey, basketball, and rugby.
Yubi Lakpi – Traditional & Unique Manipuri Rugby
Rugby is a very famous game in Europe and is played in almost all the major countries like Argentina, France, Germany, Australia, Scotland, England, Spain, Wales, Japan, Mexico and the United States. It will be surprising for one to know that the origin of Rugby, is claimed by few to be in – Manipur, India.
Though the claims, of the origin of the famous game “Polo” in Manipur, is still accepted. The style of this game played in the north-eastern state of India, is slightly different. Though the locals claim that their game was copied and given, a “Modern form” of today’s Rugby. They call it – “Yubi Lakpi”!
The Coconut Rugby
The literary meaning of the game is quite interesting- Yubi means – Coconut and Lakpi means – snatching. The game is a seven-a-side football game played traditionally with coconut as the ball.
The legend is that initially, the game was an enactment of the heavenly grabbing of the nectar pot after “Samudra Manthan”. It is held on the occasion of “Yaoshang Festival” at Palace ground in the presence of Royal family.
It is played in a field, measuring 45 by 18 meters in dimension, which is rough dried mud without grass. One side has a rectangular box measuring 4.5 by 3 meters and is the goal. A player has to pass the goal line approaching from the front with the coconut.
Each side has seven players and is well oiled so that the opponent cannot catch hold of him. They coconut, which acts as the ball, is also oiled. The oil soaked coconut is placed in front of the “King/ Chief Guest” before the game starts. The umpire starts and controls the players from the foul game.
The Players and Rules
The players wear only shorts and are normally without any shoes. They are not allowed to hold the coconut against their chest, instead, are supposed to carry it with/under their arms. They can only tackle the player holding the coconut and cannot kick or punch them. Once the player passes the goal line it is taken as a score.
There are saying that it is an individual game where the King, who nowadays is generally a teacher or an official, watches the skills of the players and looks for the person who is most tactful. Whatever the facts may be but certainly there is no documentary prove of the origin of this game and its similarity with today’s modern “Rugby”. The motive is still the same – have fun and enjoy!
India is the number one country across the globe in milk production and is ahead of countries like – The United States, China, Brazil, and Germany. It contributes around 10% of the world’s milk production. Around 1, 30,000 dairy cooperatives at village levels collect this milk and then distributes as per the demand. Though India is on the top but this sector is much unorganized. Not all the states in India produce milk, it is only few like – Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, and Haryana, which contributes to the national production. Even the cattle population is not evenly distributed. What is more important is to maintain a population of a healthy breed and take care of it. We must have cows and buffalos which yield good quality and quantity milk.
Yuvraj – The Super Bull of India
India’s 50% milk comes from buffalos, though they are outnumbered by cows. India has 13 topmost breeds of buffalo and amongst them, the breed –Murrah, mostly found in central and North India, is the best. This breed produces on an average of 8-10 liters of milk per day, some even more.
The high-fat content of the milk is used for making sweets and mozzarella cheese. As a result, the semen of the bull is in high demand and fetches a good price. One such Murrah bull is the precious possession of a farmer Mr. Karamvir Singh of Sunaria Village in Didwari, Kurukshetra District, Haryana.
Yuvraj – The Super Bull
The handsome bull stands 5 feet and 9 inches in height and stretches 14 feet in length, weighing near to 1400 kg. This super bull is very fondly named by its owner as – Yuvraj. The diet of Yuvraj is simply mind blowing –drinks around 20 liters of milk, eats around 5 kgs of apples, and 15 kgs of super quality cattle feed per day.
He even goes for a 5 km walk daily with two servants. Karamvir spends around Rs.3000/- daily, on Yuvraj’s diet. He loves him like his own son and takes care more than any father can do.
Why Rs.9 Crores?
What makes Yuvraj “Super” is the fact that he’s been priced at Rs.9 crores(Around $1.32 Million). His owner, 47 years Karamvir refused to sell him, though. Another fact which is unique about this Murrah breed bull is its ‘Semen’. It generates around 4-6 ml semen every day which is diluted to around 500-600 doses, and is stored under controlled conditions. Now each of this semen dose fetches Rs.300/-(Around $4.4) to Karamvir. The annual income of Karamvir from the semen is around Rs.50 lakhs.
Yuvraj is famous and is in high demand not only in and around the state of Haryana but is also in high demand from countries like Canada, Brazil, and Venezuela.
It is the kindness of Karamvir Singh that needs to be appreciated, as he believes in keeping and taking care of this “in high-demand” bull, who can fetch him crores of money anytime. It is his love and affection towards not only Yuvraj but his entire family that is visible in his popularity.
India is a country of diversity, rich heritage, cultures, tradition, and people with different languages. Even with such a variety of its culture and people, there is something which binds them together. If we try to find out what is that thing we will find that the “festivals” celebrated in India binds them. Festivals in India have a lesson, a message and a reason that bring people of all religion and traditions together.
Festivals bring along with them a legacy which is passed on to the next generation. All festivals have something in common like – enthusiasm, the fun, brotherhood, victory over evil, honesty, purity, belief in the almighty, respect for elders, and tales of GODs and GODDESS. There are others which are unique in nature and their celebrations like the world famous – Lathmar Holi of Barsana.
The name itself tells about the way it is celebrated; “Lath” means – thick Stick, and “Lathmar” means – hitting with a thick stick. People are hit with lath few days before the festival of colors- “Holi”. The festival is celebrated in the two neighboring towns of – Barsana and Nandgaon, 30 kms from the Holi city of – Mathura.
The legend has it that Goddess Radha was visited by Lord Krishna, in her village – Barsana, this day and he teased her and her friends. In return, he was chased him away of the village, by them. This tradition is followed every year by the people of Barsana and Nandgaon.
The male and females are called “Gops” (Shepherds) and “Gopis” (Shepherdesses) on this day. On the first day after a small ceremony/ Puja at the “Radha Rani Temple” at Barsana, the only temple in India dedicated to Goddess Radha, men from Nandgaon, play Holi with the women of Barsana. The same is played at “Rang Rangeeli Gali”, witnessed by the localities and tourists from India and abroad.
The men are chased away with thick sticks by the females. The males even sing provocative folk songs to tease them. Women then go offensive and hit them with sticks. The men do not run away, instead, they stay there and protect themselves with shields. In intervals the men drink or Sip “Thandai”- a cold drink which has milk as a base and a paste of cannabis leaves are mixed in it.
The second day the same is repeated when Gops from Barsana go to Nandgaon and tease the Gopis of Nandgaon. It is very interesting to know that in spite of hard hitting by the ladies nobody gets injured or wounded. The whole atmosphere is full of fun and colors. The preparation for this festival starts a month ahead and is enjoyed by all. The festival brings with it love, affection, color, and equality. It brings people close to each other and the lesson of impartiality and non-discrimination. It also brings us close to Lord Krishna and Goddess Radha.
Such is the power of Indian festivals that with fun and entertainment it leaves some message for everyone, be it Indians or foreigners.
Children need support for their growth, both physical and mental and at the same time channelizing them in the correct direction so that their talents are correctly tapped. It is very important for a country like India, which has a population of 1.2 billion of which 39% are children, to understand the needs of children and guide them accordingly. It is so very critical to understand that if a child grows, under proper guidance, to a knowledgeable youth, only then will he/she will grow as a good citizen of the country.
Balaknama – A Newspaper by Children of Chetna NGO
Poor children who cannot help themselves neither can they be supported by their parents are deprived of basic amenities as well. But for organizations like – Childhood Enhancement through training and Action (CHETNA), they get a chance to showcase their talent and also become inspiration for children like them. Founded in 2002 Chetna is a public charitable trust, which delegates the street children in a lot of ways. One of the main and focused points which they drive is “Education”.
Birth of “Balaknama”
With the aim to provide an identity to street children CHETNA formed a core team of 35 children and called them – Badte Kadam. These children initially tried to get support from people and organizations like print media, by sharing their daily painful sorrows, and horrifying real life stories. But they did not succeed, which resulted in the birth of their own newspaper – Balaknama!
The objective was hidden in the name itself – Voice of Children, made reachable to individuals, organizations and Government authorities, who can help or support them. The first edition was a quarterly affair and was just a two-page edition. Children between the ages of 12 years to 20 years, use to plan on actions to be taken for the month and use to follow the same. Slowly the edition became 4-page, then 8- page and today it is a 16-page monthly newspaper.
How Balaknama works ?
Today Balaknama, India’s only tabloid paper produced by street children, has an 18-year-old Editor, a team of reporters between 12 years to 20 years based at Delhi/ Haryana/ Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. Most of the reporters were appointed from the learning centers of “CHETNA”. Today they have 8000 copies monthly which are distributed to police and other NGOs free, who work for the rights of children. It explores and works on the issues of sexual abuse on children, child abuse, child labor, police brutality and success stories among street children.
Like any other publication they sit around 25th of every month and finalize the edition, the stories are finalized, the front page is decided and stories with pictures are also finalized. Reporters who cannot write, dictate their stories and the reporters who can write, take the dictation.
Not every newspaper vendor is provided with the edition as they are limited in number. It is circulated to only limited few including policemen in the local area and other NGOs in the region.
The reporters work here only after their school hours and are not paid for it. They are paid only after they attain an age of 20 years, that also on their choice. The objective of the newspaper is to get help for the street children, from the readers and this is a noble cause as the newspaper works on an “NO-PROFIT” basis.
It is well known that for a painting, or a sketch, one need a painting surface, and commonly used is “Canvas”, a fabric known for its tenacious characteristics. Ever heard anyone using “Paddy fields” as a painting surface? Started by the farmers of village – Inakadate, Japan, in 1993 this is an art form where huge pictures are drawn on “Rice Paddy Fields”.
The art is now famous worldwide and has been brought to India by an amateur Botanist – Mr. Shrikant Ingalhalikar.
Birth Place of Paddy Art in India – Donje Phata, Pune
Shrikant, inspired by the Japanese “Tambo Ata” art form has created a picture of lord Ganesha, at a farmland at Donje Phata, Pune. The image is 40 meters in length and two colors were used for it. A city-based engineer, botanist, and agriculturist – Shrikant, during his work on conservation of rice varieties, happened to visit a site on the internet describing the Japanese farmers who created this art form 23 years back.
“Tambo Ata” – Inakadate, Japan
Traditionally rice cultivating village of Japan – Inakadate, on the occasion of celebrating their 2000 years of this tradition, decided to join hands and invented an innovative style of growing rice. They used different varieties of rice, which yield colored leaves, for creating a huge picture on the field.
Using field as a big canvas they arranged precisely and strategically these varieties and when they grew, took the form of a picture of – Mount Iwaki, a stratovolcano in Japan. This large scale artwork became a blockbuster hit and soon this became an annual festival of Inakadate. Since then they have created a number of such pictures, now with the help of computer graphics, they even create portraits.
Shrikant Ingalhalikar’s Art
Shrikant studied this art in depth and found that a variety of rice in India has a black colored leaf. He decided to use this combination of black and green color for his creation. He minutely plans the whole thing first on a paper and then on the computer. The picture to be drawn is divided into squares and the size depends on the ratio of the picture and the field used. Along with his farm laborers, he then planted the rice crop in the first week of August, on half an acre of his farm. He explains that the designing is easier than an actual act of planting the crop. This art needs a fair knowledge of geometry and graphics.
Shrikant suggests that though the art can be done during the “Kharif season”, it can be taken up by horticulturists and landscape artist. This can be done with any form of garden, though he himself will keep doing it only with farming activities.
Shrikant is a strong believer of “Old style of farming and agriculture”, and he advocates working with hands in the fields. He says that he started this art to promote and motivate people to work in the fields and not shy in doing it themselves. He wants to keep the art form alive and at the same time encourage the youngsters in the nearby villages to take agriculture.
It is so fascinating as how the Mankind has developed from “Apes” to “The most evolved Creature” on earth. From rubbing stones for the fire to laying gas line for domestic cooking, from storing water in the earthen pot to the refrigerator, from riding bullocks carts to flying in airplanes, from lighting lamps for light to electric bulb and LED lights mankind has developed around itself things for its own comfort and needs. But with all these constructive things came a lot of destruction as well.
Today we are worried about global warming because of the use of “Ozone eroding” gasses, the release of carbon dioxide and depleting greenbelts and forests.
Nanavu – Hari and Asha’s Eco-Friendly house in Kunnoor, Kerala
In the course of the development of mankind, we have damaged the nature. We are concerned of the glaciers melting and increasing water levels in the sea and Tsunami. Measures are been taken to minimize and resolve this situation. One such initiative has been taken by Mr.Chakkarakkal Uchulikkunnil Hari and his wife Asha from Kerala.
The Journey to Nanavu – Real Vision
A local water authority employee in Kannur, Hari, and an environmentalist who helps farmers practice natural farming, Asha, got married and decided that they will build their house which will be energy efficient and connected to “Nature”.
And with the help of an architect friend they christened – Nanavu. Home to 15 frogs species, 80 birds, and 150 butterflies Nanavu is spread across 34 acres of land.
The house is made of mud walls which keep the rooms cool for a long time; the roof is a mix of concrete and corrugated tiles. All the electrical and electronics are operated on “Solar Panels”. The lights are strategically placed so that they use less electricity and at the same time provide the adequate glow. Otherwise also the spacious planning of the rooms get ample sunlight. They don’t have a refrigerator, instead, they have a square space dug in the kitchen which is lined with bricks and a mud pot is placed in the space. The pot is then covered with sand around it and this keeps the utensil cool for a week.
They grow all the vegetables and fruits by natural farming without using fertilizers. Natural manure is used in a measured quantity which produces healthy products. The kitchen runs on “Biogas” which is generated from the waste of the house, including human waste. It is a proof that consuming a product which is grown in natural ways makes you healthy; Hari has not visited a doctor in last 17 years.
A lot of efforts are being discussed, planned and implemented to regain the damage caused to nature. Countries, societies, organization are working towards this at their own levels. An individual contribution like Hari and Asha, definitely matter a lot and as responsible beings of the mankind we must take up steps to contribute. Hari and Asha have set up an example that existence of human beings, with nature, is possible, even in today’s world!
You can contact Hari and Asha at : email@example.com.
Not many of you many be knowing but India shares its borders with 7 neighbouring nations including Pakistan, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, China, Bhutan & Bangladesh. In this Article, we have mentioned each and every border India shares with these countries.
Indian Borders with 7 Neighbouring Nations
The international border of India is known to be the 3rd largest in the world after China and Russia. Not only that, the borders of India are also one of World’s most sensitive borders along with tough climatic conditions.
1. India-Pakistan Borders
India shares 3,323 km long land border with Pakistan. The border starts from the Line of Control (LoC) in the north to Wagah which partitions the Indian state of Punjab and Punjab province of Pakistan in the east. In the west, India shares its land border in Barmer Border in Rajasthan and Sir Creek Border in Gujarat.
(i) POK and Suchetgarh
India first shares its border with Pakistan in Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) and Suchetgarh.
(ii) LOC (Line of Control)
After that India meets Pakistan on LOC. LOC separates the Indian controlled Kashmir from POK (Pakistan occupied Kashmir).
(iii) Jaisalmer, Rajasthan
The length of the international border attached to Jaisalmer District is 471 km. Jaisalmer is known to be the largest district of Rajasthan and one of the largest in India, surrounded on the west & south-west by the Pakistani border.
(iv) Greater Rann of Kutch, Gujarat
In India the northern boundary of the Greater Rann of Kutch has the International Border between India and Pakistan. This area is heavily patrolled by India’s Border Security Force (BSF) and Indian Army conducts exercises with its troops here to get used to this harsh terrain.
(v) Wagah, Punjab
India also meets Pakistan at Wagah Border near Amritsar in Indian State of Punjab. Wagah Border partitions the Indian Punjab state and Punjab Province of Pakistan. Wagah Border Ceremony is a treat to watch for every Indian.
(vi) Hussainiwala, Punjab
Hussainiwala Border is in Hussainivala village in Firozpur district in Punjab state, India which separates itself from Pakistani village of Ganda Singh Wala. It lies near the bank of the river Sutlej.
2. India-Myanmar Borders
Four Indian states in North India i.e., Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland share their land borders with Myanmar.
(i) Nampong, Arunachal Pradesh
India has its border with Myanmar at Nampong to Pangsau Pass near Lake of No Return on Mayanmarese side through National Highway 153 (India) (Ledo Road which is part of Stilwell Road).
(ii) Moreh, Manipur
India also meets Myanmar at Moreh, India. The border connects to Tamu in Myanmar which has an integrated check post with customs.
(iii) Zokhawthar, Mizoram
In Mizoram, India meets Myanmar at Zokhawthar connecting to Khawmawi and Rikhawdar via the bridge over the Harhva river.
(iv) Longwa, Nagaland
Known as the last Village in India, Longwa in Nagaland has the international border between India and Myanmar that runs through the village chief’s house.
3. India-Nepal Borders
Nepal shares its land borders with India in Uttarakhand and in the north-eastest state of Sikkim. Through Uttar Pradesh and Bihar also India shares its borders with Nepal.
(i) Banbasa, Uttarakhand
Banbasa is a popular place known for crossing into Nepal from India as there is an immigration office for both countries. The Nepal border is located at about 5 km from Banbasa and rickshaws/horse-drawn carts can be hired for crossing the border.
(ii) Raxual, Bihar
Raxaul is a town located in the East Champaran district of Bihar state. It is situated on the India-Nepal border just opposite to Birgunj (Nepal), and is point of entry in Nepal by road and rail.
(iii) Sunauli, Uttar Pradesh
Sunauli is the name given which is popular to both sides of this India/Nepal border crossing. It is located 70 km north of Gorakhpur and 3 km south of Bhairahawa.
4. India-Sri Lanka Borders
A land stretch of about 100 m makes the India-Sri Lanka border the world’s shortest land border.
5. India – China Borders
India also shares some of the most popular borers with China which are known to be well known tourist destinations.
(i) Chumar, Ladakh
Located at a distance of 190 km southeast of Leh, Chumar is known to be one of the most active areas on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) if we talk about the interactions between Chinese and Indian troops.
(ii) Himachal Pradesh
Chitkul is a well known village in Kinnaur district of Indian State of Himachal Pradesh. Chitkul is located at around 569 km from Delhi and 28 km from Sangla.This is popular as the last Indian village on border with China. The road doesn’t take you till the actual India-China border, it closes at about 90 km before it and rest of the area is under the Indian Paramilitary’s control.
(iii) Barahoti, Uttarakhand
Barahoti is located in Uttarakhand’s border with China at a distance of 397 km from the capital of Uttarakhand – Dehradun.
(iv) Nathula Pass, Sikkim
It connects the Sikkim state of India with China’s Tibet Autonomous Region.
6. India-Bhutan Borders
India’s border with Bhutan is 699 km long covering the Indian states of Assam (267 km), Arunachal Pradesh (217 km), West Bengal (183 km), and Sikkim (32 km).
(i) Arunachal Pradesh
(iv) West Bengal
7. India-Bangladesh Borders
The land border between India & Bangladesh (4,096 Km) is known to be the 5th longest land border in the world, with West Bengal having the maximum length of 2,217 km. The length of the border in the other four states are as follows : Tripura(856km), Meghalaya(443km), Assam(262km) and Mizoram(180km).
(i) Kishanganj, Bihar
(ii) Petrapole-Benapole Border, West Bengal
(iii) Kalaichar, Meghalaya
Hope you like to know about the 7 International borders that India shares with its neighbouring Countries.
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