There are few regions in India, which receive least or minimum rainfall even in an abundant monsoon.
These are western half of Rajasthan, western Punjab, The Rann of Kutch in Gujarat & northern part of the state of Jammu & Kashmir, which comprises Ladakh. Phalodi, a small town in Jodhpur district of Rajasthan was recorded as the driest city in India in 2016. Two years ago, it recorded the highest ever temperature in whole of the India too.
The towns lying in these areas receive the least rainfall. These rainfall figures are measured in centimetre (cm)–
Leh (J & K)-9.30 cm. Leh is a city with the least rainfall. The other such towns are- Bhuj (Gujarat) -34 cm.; Barmer- 30, Bikaner- 29.2, Ganganagar- 25.9, Jaisalmer-15.4 (all in Rajasthan); Abohar (Punjab) – 28.4 cm.
In major cities of the country Delhi, Bangalore and Hyderabad receive comparatively less rain. The city of Chennai also gets lesser rain in the southwest monsoon. Since the southern states of India like Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala gets most of its rainfall from the northeast monsoon, beginning from last quarter of the year, i.e. October to December, the rain there can be very intense during this period of time.
Regions that receive the least rain include the desert state of Rajasthan, the Deccan Plateau on the eastern side of the Western Ghats mountain range, and Ladakh in far north India.
On the contrary, Cherrapunji in Kerala is regarded as the city of highest annual rainfall. Its annual recurrence of rainfall on an average is registered at 11,777 millimetres (463.7 in). This places Cherrapunji behind only nearby Mawsynram, Meghalaya. It has a slightly better average of rainfall, which is 11,873 millimetres (467.4 in).
Cherrapunji is also one place which gets the southwest and northeast monsoonal winds, giving it a lot of rainfall in both situations of the monsoon.